Roy Baumeister and Tice Dianne article, ‘Masculinity inhibits helping in emergencies: Personalities does predict the bystander effect’ explores the concept of the role masculinity of an individual play in influencing a bystander in deciding if to help or not in an emergency. The authors urge that the sexual orientation of someone is a critical factor in their next course of action in an emergency situation. Masculinity is a crucial factor when it comes to abrupt decision making, such as during an emergency where a series of decisions have to be made in a certain way before an action can be implemented.
Format utilized in analysis
I am utilizing an analytical annotation approach in analyzing the article, ‘Masculinity inhibits helping in emergencies: Personalities does predict the bystander effect’ by Roy Baumeister and Tice Dianne. An analytical annotation is a critical approach to evaluating an article as it helps in identifying different elements that are essential in helping determine the authenticity of an article.
Methodology of the Article
Baumeister & Dianne (1985) utilize a qualitative methodology in their study. The qualitative approach utilized in the study is critical in the exploration of the behavior of participants in the study; as it utilizes a systematically pre-set procedure that helps to explore the objectives of the study.
Important Facts Used by the Authors in the Article
Baumeister & Dianne (1985) utilize secondary sources of information to back up the support on the concept of the role masculinity of an individual play in influencing a bystander in deciding if to help or not in an emergency. Utilizing previous studies, Baumeister & Dianne (1985) illustrate different elements on how masculinity determines the ability of a person to help in an emergency scenario. The authors of the article also refer to the works of other authors as the basis for the need of their study which is essential in creating the gap to be filled by the research. Referring to the work of other scholars, enables Baumeister & Dianne (1985) explore and present the different variables for the study. Masculinity as an inhibitor to helping in an emergency and both masculinity and femininity as enhancers of helping in an emergency are the variables of the study that have been explored by referencing to other scholarly works. The in-depth discussions of the variables are critical in helping illustrate the objectives and the main idea of the study.
Furthermore, Baumeister & Dianne (1985) in presenting their study findings, they compare it with a related study by Senneker and Hendrick that had different results from their study. The acknowledgment of the different results of their study shows the high level of scholarly professionalism demonstrated by the authors.
Themes in the Article
Baumeister & Dianne (1985) explore different themes in their article. The author explores the theme of gender and how it defines the personality of an individual. The authors present masculinity which is associated with men as being responsible for making men poised and collected even in an emergency situation making them not to offer quick help in case of an emergency. Though masculinity might be an inhibitor when an emergency occurs, the authors further demonstrate that tendencies of masculinity to be associated with assertiveness may make individuals with high masculinity quite reactive as they want to take control in case of an emergency. On the other hand, femininity is demonstrated as a gender associated with nurturing, empathy and communion that make feminism quite an asset for helping whenever an emergency occurs.
The theme of help in an emergency situation has also been explored widely in the article. The authors utilize their study to try and understand the different motivation behind individual assistance during an emergency. The author provides extensive literature on how personality determine how an individual is likely to react to an emergency.
Authority of the Authors
Roy Baumeister and Tice Dianne, the authors of ‘Masculinity, inhibits helping in emergencies: Personalities does predict the bystander effect’ were experienced professors with a background in psychology. Their study was spot on as it is quite helpful for both academic and professional services. The article is a scholarly work that targets academicians and emergency help provides.
Baumeister & Dianne (1985) offer an impressive conclusion to their study on ‘Masculinity inhibits helping in emergencies: Personalities does predict the bystander effect.’ They reassert the findings of the study in the conclusion which creates an emphasis on the significance of the finding for any study. Baumeister & Dianne (1985) study findings demonstrate that sex role orientation does predict bystander intervention in emergencies. The authors illustrate how the findings were arrived at and relate the findings quite well with the variables of the study. Baumeister & Dianne (1985) further demonstrate how the critical variables in the study such as personality traits were essential in achieving the objective of the study. Though the conclusion is well illustrated, Baumeister & Dianne (1985) fail to support it